Free - Download "200 Arabic Words You Already Know" and increase your Arabic vocabulary painlessly. The deterministic finite state Over 200 Arabic words that you can assimilate effortlessly. The Noun الاِسْم al-ism stands for something that can be concrete or abstract. The Arabic verb forms Most Arabic words are derived from a three-letter (trilateral) root. However, in determining the gender of a word of such forms, it is advisable to consult the dictionary because of the frequency of exceptions. Same with burtuqal, can it be used only for an orange? For inab I have come across it’s plural al’aanab, so do the both words mean grapes? b. 2. Gender: Every noun in Arabic must be either masculine or feminine. البِنْتُ [al-bintu] sgl. ناس ج. The Sound Feminine Plural will take a /Damma/ (u) for the nominative case, and a /kasra/ (i) for the accusative and genitive cases. And each trilateral Arabic root can theoretically be transformed into one of fifteen possible verb forms (الأوزان, al-awzaan). This is a rare occurrence; an example is given below: إِنْسان ج. For example: ﺮﹸﻤﹶﻘﹶﹾﻟﹶﺍ/ Al-qamaru 9 Masculine sound plural nouns end in ون and feminine sound plural nouns end in ات. Feminine Form: The most common feminine form is the تاء مَرْبُوطَة , ة [taa’ marbooTa] (tied or attached “t”) form, which is the usual feminine ending. The sound feminine plural is formed by adding ات [aat] to the singular. It has no special morphological characteristics. Keep up the good work! (Forms 11 through 15 are very rare, so people usually just focus on forms 1 through 10, although 9 is also pretty rare). All rights reserved. The Lunar Letter (circled) = “lam” is NOT silent. Sky سماء samaa’ is feminine even if there is no “taa’ marbuta” ((ة, ــة at the end of the word,. The less common feminine forms are ألِف مَقْصُورَة , ى [alif maqSoora] and Which design will you choose? In the sound plural, the basic word remains intact, but an ending is added. It can be indefinite or definite; singular, dual, or plural; masculine or feminine. In a sentence, it functions as a subject (of verbal and nominal sentences) or an object (of a verb and a preposition). جَلَسةٌ [djalasatun] sgl. Study it carefully. If you say “I love reading Arabic books” you have made “reading” the direct object. المُعَلِّمةُ [al-mu3allimatu] sgl. بِكَم تَبيعُ هذا العِنَبَ [bikam tabee3 haadha al-3inab], The singular form is, generally, derived from such nouns by adding. Thus: an apple تُفّاحَة [tuffaaHa] apples تُفّاح [tuffaaH], an orange بُرْتُقالَة [burtuqaala] oranges بُرْتُقال [burtuqaal], a grape عِنَبة [x3inaba] grapes عِنَب [x3inab], a fish سَمَكة [samaka] fish سَمَك [samak]. Masculine Form: All nouns are considered masculine unless they have a feminine ending. The they involve a specific transformation applied to a root or word of a specific form, and cannot be arbitrarily combined or repeated to form longer and longer words. الجمع الاكثر شيوعا لنهر انهار اكثر من انهر ^_^, I have been looking for this. => تَرتيباتٌ [tarteebaatun] pl. For example, Moroccan Arabic uses ha l-"this", dak l-/dik l-/duk l-"that" (masculine/feminine/plural). الكِتابَينِ [kitaabayni] accusative/genitive, الغُرفَتينِ [al-ghurfatayni] accusative/genitive. َينِ [ayni] for both the accusative and genitive cases. كِتابَينِ [kitaabayni] accusative/genitive. A. The sound masculine plural is formed by prefixing ونَ [oona]” to the singular in the nominative case, or ينَ [eena]” when the singular noun is in the accusative or genitive case. The gender الجِنْس of noun الاِسْم in Arabic is either masculine مُذَكَّر or feminine مُؤَّنَّث. Wind ريح reeh is feminine even if it’s not ending with a “taa’ marbuta”. Free Resources -> Arabic Grammar -> Arabic Nouns. il-kitāb da "this book", il-bint i … There is no neuter. However, a considerable number of nouns and adjectives referring to rational beings, male or female, from their plural in this way. The تاء مَرْبُوطَة ة [taa’ marbooTa] sign of the feminine when present, is dropped. Is the word “tin”(figs) also a collective noun meaning fig or figs? تَرتيبٌ [tarteebun] sgl. There are, however, a few nouns which may be considered either masculine or feminine. Move on to form IV (page 61). For example: ﺲﹸﻤﹾﺷﹶﺍ= ﺲﹸﻤﹾﺸﻟﱠﹶﺍ/ Ashamsu ii. Learn the Arabic script effortlessly, without need for rote memorization or hours of repetition. Top آ أ إ ا ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر ز س ش ص Such nouns are known in the Arabic grammar as “إسْم الجَمْع [ism djam3] noun of plural” or “collective noun”.