We can visualize the contour as a long, squiggly line. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. See Synonyms at form. That’s all four types of motion, making for a very diverse contour right off the bat. Now an opposite pair is created: up versus down. Great melodies like John Williams’ ‘Leia’s Theme’ from Star Wars tend to favor certain contour elements. We’ll begin with this melody by John Williams, from the sci-fi classic Star Wars, known as ‘Leia’s Theme.’. The range of the melody from its highest note to its lowest notes spans over an octave. Now, let’s look at the contour in more detail. There are millions of different possible melodies. Blended Learning | What is Blended Learning? These melodies all take material from the same twelve-note chromatic scale, so how can they be so different, and how do we as listeners tell them apart? What do the level contour curves for f(x,y) look like? This gives the composer lots of room for expressive ideas. Understanding melodies by their contour can be useful because reproducing the contour will reproduce the melody, even in different keys. Pitch contour may include multiple sounds utilizing many pitches, and can relate the frequency function at one point in time to the frequency function at a later point. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Select a subject to preview related courses: How does 'Leia's Theme' meet our expectations for what good melodies will do? Great melodies like John Williams' 'Leia's Theme' from Star Wars tend to favor certain contour elements. Using this information, we can reproduce the melody in any key. All we need is to choose a starting note and reproduce the contour. Think of, for example, your favorite nursery rhyme or your country's national anthem. contour: the shape of the melody as rising or falling conjunct: stepwise melodic motion, moving mostly by step in intervals of a 2nd disjunct: melodic motion in intervals … Take a moment and examine this melody. Contour definition, the outline of a figure or body; the edge or line that defines or bounds a shape or object. Visit the ILTS Music (143): Test Practice and Study Guide page to learn more. Or it can name exact intervals, allowing the melody to be transposed by applying the contour from any starting note. The exact combination of these four motions that a melody possesses gives it its contour. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Often, the melody is sung by a vocalist, or played by a solo instrument. Williams has created an opposite pair on the step versus leap dimension. Did you know… We have over 220 college To begin, good melodies tend to have diverse contours; that is, they tend to make balanced use of all different types of melodic motion. Understanding contour also helps us understand what makes melodies memorable and expressive, which can be helpful for all musicians. Synonym Discussion of contour. Learn about the four types of melodic motion, and analyze the contours of some famous melodies to find out what makes them so special. 'Leia's Theme' opens with the large upward leap, which is connected to a small upward step. Music theorists examine a melody’s contour by looking at the motion between individual notes. Create your account. The result is a memorable, expressive melody that goes down in history as one of the greatest. Contour refers to the sequence of motions between notes of a melody. - Definition & Examples, The Seven Ages of Man Discussion Questions, Next Generation Science Standards Appendix F, National Science Standards for Elementary School, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Take, for example, the tune ‘Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star.’ Understanding its individual notes as C, C, G, G, A, A, G enables you to play the melody in C Major. Williams has created an opposite pair on the step versus leap dimension. Great melodies will also often feature opposite pairs, such as a leap followed by a step, an upward motion followed by a downward motion, or both. The melody is the most basic element of music. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. In other words, contour is a measurement of how a melody moves between individual notes. There are four possible combinations of these variables, and so there are four basic types of melodic motion. To discuss what makes melodies memorable and expressive, musicians use the concept of melodic contour, which is the sequence of motions between a melody's individual notes. courses that prepare you to earn imaginable degree, area of and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. In music, contour is the direction and shape that the notes move in. Music theorists examine a melody’s contour by looking at the motion between individual notes. Would you like to get a custom essay? Music is made up of several different elements, but one that we all recognize is melody. In music, contour is the direction and shape that the notes move in. In certain musical styles, movement to and from Evaluate \oint_{|z| = 3} \frac{e^{\iota z}}{(z^2 + 1)^2} dz. Using this information, we can reproduce the melody in any key. succeed. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. More detailed information about contour can include the exact intervals of each motion, which replaces the simple step/leap understanding. Explore TV Features Premium Channels HBO Max ™, SHOWTIME ®, STARZ ®, EPIX ® & Cinemax ® Channel Packages NFL RedZone, MLB Extra Innings, Latino, Movies and more! The second phrase is similar in its contour, and look, the downward leap at the end of the first phrase is itself an opposite of the second phrase's initial upward leap. Melody is a musical gesture that is built of consecutive, individual pitches. Williams uses a variety of melodic motions and seldom uses the same type of motion twice. However, examine the contour: up a fifth, up a step, down a step. In other words, a melodic motion that's followed by a motion which, in whole or in part, features its opposite. A melody can move up by step, down by step, up by leap, or down by leap. You also might think of it as a single musical line. Simple vs. ... (Phonetics & Phonology) a rising and falling variation pattern, as in music and intonation. ‘Leia’s Theme’ opens with the large upward leap, which is connected to a small upward step. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Music is made up of several different elements, but one that we all recognize is melody. Now an opposite pair is created: up versus down. What types of motion are next to each other? So, if a melodic line begins by moving up a leap, the composer can make it expressive and memorable by moving down (the opposite of up) or by step (the opposite of the leap), or both. 193 lessons The line gives us information about the melody's balance between up, down, step, and leap. So this melody gets its beautiful, expressive quality in a large part from its contour. If we examine the contour in detail, we'll see that in the first two bars, John Williams has already used an upward leap, a downward leap, an upward step, and a downward step. Good melodies will also often feature opposite pairs of motion. just create an account. Music theorists examine a melody's contour by looking at the motion between individual notes. Let’s look at the contour of a great melody and see how it affects our perception of the music. The range of the melody from its highest note to its lowest notes spans over an octave.