In fact, they are two different schools of thought regarding morality. Judaism however, condones abortion when the health of the mother is threatened by the fetus. Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms. There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. Unlike religious deontological theories, the rules (or maxims) in Kant’s deontological theory derive from human reason. Think specifically about how the theories would work in a concrete situation. In contrast, deontologists believe that terminate Paul is considered ethical because it commits strictly to ethical principles and passes all the three maxim principles. In one sense it implies to the whole of virtue. Deontological ethics is an ethics system that judges whether an action is right or wrong based on a moral code. Utilitarianism vs Deontology . PSY 833: Ethics and Leadership (Buban) © 2020. Kant would suggest Peter lied because the theory states, we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome. Originally, Jeremy Bentham, the founder of Utilitarianism, defined utility as the aggregate pleasure after deducting suffering of all involved in any action. In thinking about the ethical dilemma that you present in your blog, I think that I would most likely approach the situation with a utilitarian perspective. L03: How Differences In Ethical Standards Result In Relativism In Evaluating Ethical Leadership Approaches, http://sevenpillarsinstitute.org/morality-101/kantian-duty-based-deontological-ethics, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utilitarianism, http://sites.psu.edu/psy533buban/2016/02/05/l03-deontology-vs-utilitarianism-the-eternal-battle/, (Unit 05) Plagiarism is an Ethical Violation Similar to Theft of Property, U05: Preventing Groupthink in Smaller Departments/Divisions, U5: Women discriminated against by an entire culture. Excerpt from Essay : Deontology vs. Utilitarianism THE RIGHT CHOICE Deontology is an ethical theory, which states actions should be performed according a previously ranked set of values (Johnson, 1996). It is essential to understand Aristotle’s ethical reasoning on human virtues to begin to understand why he would believe human action would lead to preservation of the environment. There are two main forms of consequentialism, egoism and utilitarianism. Difference Between Rule Utilitarianism And Deontological Ethics, Rule utilitarianism is more concerned with fairness and the law. More precisely and particularly justice consist of taking only a proper share of some good. •Shakil, (2015) “Kantian Duty Based (Deontological) Ethics”, retrieved on Feb 5th, 2016 from http://sevenpillarsinstitute.org/morality-101/kantian-duty-based-deontological-ethics. What happens when you have to choose between two evils? Ernazar Kamal Deontological ethics is an ethics system that judges whether an action is right or wrong based on a moral code. Whereas utilitarianism focuses on the outcomes, or ends, of actions, deontology demands that the actions, or means, themselves must be ethical. Doing the right thing means to follow proper rules of behavior and, by doing so, promoting fairness and equality. Utilitarianism vs. Deontology vs. Virtue Ethics Utilitarianism is the most common kind of consequentialism , which is one of the three major branches of ethics. Peter is a father and his son is very sick. (2016, February, 05). The idea is that as long as something done is useful to society at large, it is a moral act no matter what had to be done to achieve it. By killing the on person, you are saving five. Peter took his son to the doctor and found out that his son needs a very expensive surgery. Practically, limitation of these school of thoughts may limit the effectiveness of decision making when it comes to practicing business ethics. Deontology Vs Utilitarianism, The Eternal Battle… [Web log post]. Nonetheless, in this scenario the means of lying to get the loan, would justify the ends. All Rights Reserved. As a parent I have an obligation to protect my child, and I would say that there is no ethical framework that would disagree with this. When addressing this situation from an utilitarian approach to ethics, it is clear that this course of action would lead to a positive outcome. The former states that a just society helps a human to perform righteously and live the good life, whereas, the latter states justice is nothing but giving people according to what they actually. According to Kant, Peter shouldn’t have lied. This ethics system is intended to be precise and by the book. Ethics depend on a moral framework. Peter doesn’t have enough time to earn the money needed for the surgery because his son is in a critical condition. “Do what is right, though the world may perish.” – Kant. Retrieved from http://sites.psu.edu/psy533buban/2016/02/05/l03-deontology-vs-utilitarianism-the-eternal-battle/. Aristotle first begins to explain his ethical reasoning by explaining happiness. An example of this would be getting an abortion. We make decisions based on what we believe is right and what is best for us, but not necessarily for everyone else. In Christianity, the belief is that a life starts at the moment of conception and because of that, abortion isn’t condoned under any circumstances (English, 1975). Deontology vs Utilitarianism. Most importantly, the bank will also benefit assuming that I will pay the bank loan back without any delays—the bank will receive their money back with the additional accrued interest. This ethics system is more accurate when it comes to addressing complicated situations, which solutions are not as trivial. Aristotle explains that all human being’s actions should have the aim toward some good and further explains that the highest ends human beings can and should aim for must be aimed toward the, He has divided justice into two parts, particular justice and general justice. Peter gets the money, goes to the hospital, pays for the surgery and saves his son’s life. Immanuel Kant, the ethics systems celebrated proponent, formulated the most influential form of a secular deontological moral theory in 1788. (John Stuart 2013) However, it is important to understand that utilitarianism considers not only the quantity, but also quality of the pleasure. Being human is part of the dilemma. I understand that the means that one would take to protect their child should not be unethical, such as the means chosen in this case (lying). Utilitarianism Kant also discussed the importance of perfect and imperfect duties in relation to good morality between humans. Jerica asked: Discuss the chief advantages and disadvantages of utilitarianism and deontological theory. Expressions such as "virtue is its own reward" and Duty for duty 's sake" are used to attest to the believe that in deontological ethics, some acts are morally obligatory regardless of their consequences for human welfare. What happens when the situation is not black and white? Kant’s deontological theory (Shakil, 2015), to me is how the application of human reasoning is challenged. The morality of an action is determined by the outcome of that action. A rule utilitarian seeks to benefit the most people but through the fairest and most just means available. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. The ultimate goal is to still satisfy and benefit the most people, but only through the most just and fairest means possible. In this theory, as in consequentialism, consequence is important, and is some cases only matters. Peter, not knowing what to do to save his son, decides to lie. (Wikipedia, 2015). Aristotle states that “Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim” (Aristotle, Ethics, 1094a, 1-3). 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