Variations in health and wellbeing across the UK are significantly influenced by social and economic inequality, which is largely indicated by occupation and income or, more broadly, social class. Being excluded from the life of society and treated as less than equal leads to worse health and greater risks of premature death. And what are the implications for the nation’s health? There is an established link between low income and poor health, and a definitive correlation between health and occupation, with insecure, poorly paid work having a detrimental impact on health and wellbeing (Marmot et al, 2010… I sum to summarise the problem: Analysis of mortality and morbidity demonstrate that those in the lowest strata of society experience the worst outcomes. The “social capital” hypothesis suggests higher levels of income inequity in a society increase the status differentials between individuals. Anna is financially reliant on her single wage. People further down the social ladder usually run at least twice the risk of serious illness and premature death as those near the top. Income inequity is related to the rates of poorer health in a number of areas, from alcohol-attributable hospitalisations and deaths, to child health, to oral health. Further reading: Want to improve the nation’s health? It is not that other societies or people don’t want the best; it is just that many people in society can not afford it or don’t have access to it. This is because people of different SES levels may have very different access to medical care, healthy food, and physical activity opportunities. This reduces social mixing across groups, thereby reducing levels of interpersonal trust. Start by reducing inequalities. ACS Distance Education disclaims liability or responsibility for orders or complaints arising from such errors, including All over the world status hierarchy and social class are a common concept of how well we live our lives, however they affect our lives more than we think. It is important for researchers to consider SES when conducting health studies. Socioeconomic status (SES) is a broad term that is used to describe factors about a person's lifestyle including occupation, income, and education. On the up side, Anna has a permanent position with six weeks of holidays per year. Health costs: Inequity harms people’s sense of self and prevents access to the conditions necessary for health. These books are mostly available as ebook, through our online bookstore. Anna works in a call centre for a large telecommunications company. These are all factors that can affect health and must be accounted for when studying risk of different diseases and conditions. As we have seen, these life chances very often rely on each other, and in turn can alter an individual’s economic situation, status and power. They have led in particular to a growing understanding of the remarkable sensitivity of health to the social environment and to what have become known as the social determinants of health. As part of our Rotman Short Talks series, hear from Professor Stéphane Côté about how social class affects our behaviour. Director, School of Regulation and Global Governance (RegNet) and Professor of Health Equity, ANU, Australian National University. This is known as the inverse care law. Absolute poverty – a lack of the basic material necessities of life – continues to exist, even in the richest countries of Europe. Observational research and intervention studies show that the foundations of adult health are laid in early childhood and before birth. Long periods of anxiety and insecurity and the lack of supportive friendships are damaging in whatever area of life they arise. Low SES may result in poor physical and/or mental health by operating through various psychosocial mechanisms such as poor or "risky" health-related behaviours, social exclusion, prolonged and/or heightened stress, loss of sense of control, and low self- esteem as well as through differential access to proper nutrition and to health and social services. Over four lectures and four weeks, the World Medical Association president, professor Sir Michael Marmot, will explore the challenges communities face in solving issues of health inequality. 57th Boyer Lecture Series, exploring the social determinants of health, biggest social, economic and political challenges, alcohol-attributable hospitalisations and deaths, Want to improve the nation’s health? In most research done the higher level of socioeconomic classes reflects at a higher level of health and longevity. Stressful circumstances, making people feel worried, anxious and unable to cope, are damaging to health and may lead to premature death. They want the best for their children – and can afford it. Poor housing can have serious consequences on an individual’s health. So how do inequities of wealth and income manifest in Australia? How Your Class Can Affect Your Mental Health. Learn more about psychology with our psychology courses. The social class factor. © How class and wealth affect our health; This can give rise to feelings of social exclusion, insecurity, stress and can lead to decreased life expectancy. In short, they seem to be related to the work environment. This observation, known as the social gradient in health, is seen in countries around the world including Australia. While the overall relationship of SES to mortality may attenuate in older ages, socioeconomic position continues to be linked to the prevalence of disability and chronic and degenerative diseases, including cardiovascular disease, many cancers, and Alzheimer's disease. She cannot afford to buy her own place, which is why she lives at home with her mother. Her job involves dealing with customer complaints all day, every day. Much of this comes from the fact that there is a higher level of education and health care that is … The lower people are in the social hierarchy of industrialized countries, the more common these problems become. Like Anna, the poor consistently gain less from health services than the better-off, which leads to untreated disease. Fitness can be seen as the relative ability of an individual or population to survive and reproduce in a given environment. … Not only may SES affect health, but physical and mental health may have an impact upon the various components of SES (e.g., education, income/wealth, occupation) over the life course. Australian National University provides funding as a member of The Conversation AU. Being financially reliant on and influenced by a small few also builds vulnerability into the economic system.