Once again, patient mortality dropped across both nations, and in 1994, Linda Richards was inducted into the National Women’s Hall of Fame for her contribution to medicine. The first nurses graduated in 1888. We have our 2016 GEM nursing excellence finalists! Richards left Japan in 1890, traveled and then led the Philadelphia Visiting Nurses Society, followed by positions of leadership in several local psychiatric and general hospitals in Philadelphia and New England. 1865: Is named Superintendent of Army Nurses by the Union Army during the Civil War, is known for caring for wounded Confederate soldiers that their own army often left behind in lost battles. She also established institutions for the mentally ill because, according to her memoir, it “stands to reason that the mentally sick should be at least as well cared for as the physically sick.”. Source: nursingschoolhub.com/top-10-nurses-in-history. In 1849, Pastor Theodore Fliedner of Germany traveled to America with four trained nurse-deaconesses and … Richards created a system for charting and maintaing individual medical records for each patient while she was at Bellevue Hospital in New York. The American Nurses Association inducted Richards into its Hall of Fame in 1976, highlighting her introduction of the concept of maintaining patient records, nurses notes and wearing uniforms. In 1994, over 60 years after her death, Linda Richards was inducted into the Women's Hall of Fame. However, this is a relatively new concept in the United States, a struggle resolved by the work of Dorothea Dix. Linda Richards (1841-1930) Widely recognized as America’s first professionally trained nurse, Linda Richards was born on July 27, 1841 in West Potsdam, New York. She started working as a nurse back when nursing education was virtually non-existent, but then enrolled as the first student in the first U.S. training program at New England Hospital for Women and Children, graduating a year later in 1873. When nursing first evolved, it was not a respectable profession and was often associated with “women of ill repute.” This didn’t change until the mid-1800s, when respected and high-profile individuals began stepping into caring roles as a community service. If you’re the kind of person who isn’t afraid to jump in, think hard, and work harder for the greater good, start your Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing program at Concordia by contacting an admissions counselor today. Linda Richards: Honoring America’s First Nurse. Not all nursing pioneers make their mark in bedside care as Florence Nightingale did. America. As a result, patient mortality dropped to new lows for a battlefield hospital, from 42% to 2%, and her sanitation methods proved to be equally effective back home in England, ushering a new era of reduced infection and death in hospitals all over the world. Breckinridge knew that a similar training had the potential to lower rural Appalachia’s huge maternal death rates, especially in places where there was no formal medical help available. Linda Richards became actively involved in nursing organizations and can be regarded as one of the movers and shakers of the young profession. 1869: After the war, Dix returns to her previous work of surveying hospitals for the indigent mentally ill, 1881: The New Jersey State Legislature set aside funds to create a private suite to house Dix as long as she lived, and she moves into the facility where she lives until her death in 1887, 1854: Linda cares for her mother until her death from tuberculosis, 1865: Cares for fiancée George Poole until his death from a severe Civil War injury in 1869, 1873: Moves to New York and is hired as Night Supervisor for Bellevue Hospital, creates revolutionary record keeping system, 1874: Returns to Boston, is named superintendent of the, 1877: Travels to England for 7-month intensive training under Florence Nightingale, 1885: Establishes Japan’s first nursing school in Kyoto, 1885-1911: Establishes various nursing schools across the United States until retiring from the profession in 1911, 1916: Gives birth to premature baby girl who dies shortly thereafter, 1920: Joins American Committee for Devastated France, 1924: Breckinridge receives midwife training in England, 1925, May: Mary returns to the US and founds Frontier Nursing Service, 1925, September: The Frontier Nursing Service delivers its first baby, 1925-1965: Mary Breckinridge oversees rural deliveries and the training of rural midwives until her death on May 16, 1965. Linda Richards (1841-1930) was the first American to train professionally as a nurse. Major Events in Nursing and Nursing Education Part One 1872 thru the Great Depression 1 Emergence of Nursing Schools: 'Nightingale Model' Training schools 1872 - New England Hospital for Women (Not considered based on the Nightingale model. Without this change, mentally ill patients in America may have continued to be wards of the penal system. Upon returning home, she accepted an offer to organize a training school at Boston City Hospital.