According to Durkheim, people see religion as contributing to the health and continuation of society in general. Durkheim's theory of religion exemplifies how functionalists examine sociological phenomena. They are based variously on ideas human social structures, emotions, or cognition. We are going to focus primarily on the environmental implications of the Division of Labor in Modern Society (1893), Durkheim's doctoral dissertation and his first major publication in Sociology. Modern Psychology to the Theory and Practice of Religion” in October of 1926 (Beit-Hallahmi 1974:86). Modern-day sociologists often apply one of the major theoretical perspectives. In any case, one has to start somewhere What follows is a very heavily revised version of a text published by Oxford University Press in 1982. all these theories contributed a lot in the development of anthropology as a discipline. These theories are categorized into substantive theories, focusing on what the value of religion for its By theories of religion one means a body of explanations, rules, ideas, principles, and techniques that are systematically arranged to guide and guard religious practices for comprehension. Euhemerus (about 330 – 264 BCE) regarded gods as excellent historical persons whom admirers eventually came to worship. But a com­ plete treatise on the philosophy of religi would be long and complicated, and space is limited in an introduction. Let’s explore how scholars applying these paradigms understand religion. of their study. Sociologists in pursue of this, formulated different theories from which three are the most popular. Modern Psychology to the Theory and Practice of Religion” in October of 1926 (Beit-Hallahmi 1974:86). Marx, Karl, 1996, "Doctoral Dissertation" in McClellan (ed. These views offer different lenses through which to s tudy and understand society: functionalism, symbolic interactionism, conflict theory and feminist theory. Memetics or the study of memes is a new field of study concerned with thoughts and ideas interpreted as replicators (Dawkins, 1989). Keywords: anthropology, theory, anthropological theory 1.0. These include (a) giving meaning and purpose to life, (b) reinforcing social unity and stability, (c) serving as an agent of social control of behavior, (d) promoting physical and psychological well-being, and (e) motivating people to work for positive social change. work in the Sociology of Religion (1912), and his methodological treatise on the Rules of the Sociological Method (1895). INTRODUCTION Anthropological theories of religion are diverse. x Introduction from various beliefs peculiar to specific religions. Thus, religion functions to bind society's members by prompting them to affirm their common values and beliefs on a regular basis. Therefore, this paper deals with the three major sociological theories namely, Structure Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism and Conflict Theory. Introduction In the academic arena, anthropology is considered as a relatively new discipline as its major development mainly happened in the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries. Herodotus (484 – 425 BCE) saw the gods of Greece as the same as the gods of Egypt. ), Early Texts in Daniel L. Pals, Seven Theories on Religion: "Religion as Alienation"; Marx on Religion: The Criticism of Religion Jan 2002 In the following, we will introduce each of our ten authors and place him within the context of his time period, and then we will engage in a review of his major contribution to the