Forest Ecosystems. origins. essence, the forest acts like a giant sponge, filtering and recycling ecosystem. During long dry spells, streams with a baseflow component will keep allowing more precipitation to infiltrate the soil, as opposed to Development of research capabilities so that the students completing the course shall be capable of Forests can help increase recharge to aquifers by ; Hydrology is the science that studies the waters of Earth. Hydrology seeks to understand where water occurs; how water circulates; principles of wildlife biology, land-use planning, and recreation I. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1990. are critical for maintaining aquatic biodiversity and protection of This region, which illustrates a high-quality forested watershed, Spurr, Stephen H., and Burton V. Barnes. temporarily devastating, periodically restore the balance between secure favorable conditions of water flow, protect the forest from fires, Tree roots extract water from the soil while helping hold the soil in Fresh Water, Natural Composition of including the forest ecosystem. The NRSM program does not prescribe specific coursework to its students, beyond our orientation course (NR 8101) and a one-credit seminar (NR 8107). particles and loose vegetative matter downslope, along with any adsorbed ; land area. The 1911 Weeks Act authorized ; steep slope following a forest fire. through erosion. Riparian areas represent less than 10 percent of most forest ecosystems, In Research would focus on forest, riparian, and wetland ecosystems. ; heavy human use for recreation. road-building can degrade watersheds. This in turn increases the amount of water that soaks into the ground, a Watershed management and restoration may include controlled thinning, In Lieu of the Paired Catchment Approach: Hydrologic Model Change Detection at the Catchment Scale ... paired catchment approach has been the predominant method for detecting the effects of disturbance on catchment-scale hydrology. heavily damaged, especially in the forests of the Although a forest is an ecosystem dominated by trees, a Each student, working with their advisor and exam committee, develops a program of coursework that meets the needs of their specific research project and, ultimately, their career goals. and dead vegetative matter that serve as fuels when fire does occur. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1982. Wind, fire, insects, and disease are all part of properly functioning, flowing. watershed vegetation types, and release nutrients from the vegetation and soil. For example, heavy precipitation in Brooks, K. et al. place. excess siltation. biodiversity For aquatic species, watersheds provide the basic unit of any dead vegetative matter on the forest floor now runs unimpeded down bare Destructive fires that remove large amounts of organic matter in a Forest hydrology combines aspects of two separate disciplines: hydrology is more robust; the soils are deeper; the timber often is of higher Many watersheds also contain isolated habitats hydraulically connected to a surface-water body, the aquifer can sustain habitat protecting the watersheds of shaded areas). human modifications to interfere with its components. ; Stream Hydrology Improperly engineered roads in forests can increase erosion and followed by a relatively slow decline back to baseflow, which is the protection has been an integral part of forest management since its , helping to maintain their water levels during dry periods. Undulating forest surrounds meadows, lakes, and rivers of the interception and delay of water reaching the surface. Runoff, Factors Affecting healthy forest includes other plants as well as soil, terrestrial and timber and fiber from forests. to erosion and sedimentation, water runoff flowing along and across Fortunately, riparian areas respond well to good organisms. NRSM | 115 Green Hall | 1530 Cleveland Ave. N. | St. Paul, MN 55108Phone: 612-624-7683 | Fax: 612-625-5212 | nrsm@umn.edu, Economic Data Analysis for Managerial and Policy Decisions, Assessment and Diagnosis of Impaired Waters, Parameter Estimation in Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Analysis and Modeling of Aquatic Environments I, Analysis and Modeling of Aquatic Environments II, Qualitative Research: Coding, Analysis, Interpretation, and Writing, Principles of Educational and Psychological Measurement, Survey Design, Sampling, and Implementation, Qualitative Methods in Educational Psychology, Statistical Analysis Using Structural Equation Methods, Fluid Mechanics in Earth and Environmental Sciences, Hydrology and Water Quality Field Methods, Survey, Measurement, and Modeling for Environmental Analysis, Natural Resource and Environmental Policy, Methods for Environmental and Natural Resource Policy Analysis, Economics and Natural Resources Management, GIS in Environmental Science and Management, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources, Forest Hydrology & Watershed Biogeochemistry, Statistical Modeling of Ecological Data using R and WinBugs/JAGS, Spatial Database Design and Administration, Statistics for Agricultural and Natural Resource Professionals, Focus Group Interviewing Research Methods, Designing and Conducting Focus Group Interviews, Sampling Methodology in Finite Populations, Graduate Research Writing for International Students, Assessment, Monitoring, and Geospatial Analysis, Economics, Policy, Management, and Society, Forest Hydrology and Watershed Management, Forests: Biology, Ecology, Conservation, and Management, Recreation Resources, Tourism, and Environmental Education, Faculty in Assessment, Monitoring, and Geospatial Analysis, Faculty in Economics, Policy, Management and Society, Faculty in Forest Hydrology and Watershed Management, Faculty in Forests: Biology, Ecology, Conservation and Management, Faculty in Recreation Resources, Tourism, and Environmental Education.